In an april 2018 article in Forbes, Harry G. Broadman, a former U.S. trade negotiator, said he agreed with the Trump administration`s core position that the Chinese do not respect fair, transparent, market-based rules for global trade, but contradicted its means of unilaterally enforcing tariffs and said the government should instead adopt a coalition-based approach.  A November 2019 Financial Times article reported that the trade war since August 2019 had hit U.S. producers harder than the Chinese producer.  Economist Paul Krugman said in September 2020 that if Democratic candidate Joe Biden wins the U.S. presidential election, he should maintain a firm stance against China, but focus more on industrial policy than on trade tariffs.  President-elect Joe Biden said Monday that the United States must join other democracies to write the rules of world trade, not China. Economists at financial firm Morgan Stanley expressed concern about the end of the trade war, but warned in June 2019 that this could lead to a recession.  In August 2019, Roger Johnson of the National Farmers Union, which represents about 200,000 farmers from families, farmers and fishermen, said the trade war was creating problems for American farmers, which in particular led to a decline in U.S. soybean exports to China.
 [Best Source Required] In the same month, the American Farm Bureau Federation, which represents the large agricultural industry, stated that the announcement of new tariffs „signals more problems for U.S. agriculture.“  The United States, with the largest economy and India, the largest democracy, remains on the margins of one of the world`s largest trading blocs, even as China deepens trade and investment partnerships in the region and the world. People`s Daily, the official newspaper of the Communist Party of China, said China would be able to withstand the trade war and that Trump`s policy was about American consumers.  „The comprehensive regional economic partnership will certainly contribute to global free trade because of its size,“ he said. Surveys of consumer sentiment and small business confidence showed a sharp decline in August 2019 due to uncertainty related to the trade war.   The Purchasing Managers` Index for Manufacturing at the Institute of Supply Management fell in August for the first time since January 2016; The ISM cited several leaders who expressed concern about the continuing trade war and spoke of the contraction of export orders and the challenges of relocating their supply chains from China.