Discussions will continue long after Marrakech. That`s for sure. Unusually, however, one of the most important issues this year was where. The location of the next COPs is usually decided several years in advance, but the UN climate chief, Patricia Espinosa, said early on that no country had offered to hold the next talks. Traditionally, they revolve around a defined cycle of regions, with a country proposing to organize the discussions of each region. In a high-level action proclamation from Marrakech, the parties jointly declared that „the exceptional dynamics of climate change in the world… it`s irreversible. Similar messages were continuously launched during the conference by companies, cities, states and NGOs, as well as by heads of state and ministers from Africa, China, Europe, Latin America and other countries, including US Secretary of State John Kerry. The Copenhagen conference was to follow on from Kyoto and culminated in the Copenhagen Agreement, a tripartite text that outlines common international climate change intentions (reducing greenhouse gas emissions, limiting global warming to 2oC and $30 billion for 2010-2012). Despite these objectives, the conference was generally seen as a failure.   The Paris Agreement aims to prevent the rise of global temperatures. This situation is governed by the reports provided by the parties, which aim to increase the transparency of the measures taken by developing countries and the measures taken. It also has measures to increase countries` capacity to adapt to climate change conditions.
The means of change that a country can make are called „nationally determined contributions.“ NDCs are essentially the efforts each country will make to reduce its emissions. The deadline for implementation of this agreement began on 4 November 2016. So far, it has been ratified by 132 of the 197 parties to the convention.  This group discussed the promotion of new green products in terms of financing, while taking climate considerations into account in all economic systems. Panel members include Eric Usher, Canada; Jochen Flasbarth, Germany; Christian Grossman, Germany; Frederic Samama, France; Mustapha Bakkoury, Morocco; Monica Scatasta, Luxembourg.  This panel looked at issues related to the use of renewable resources, how to use policies to promote renewable energy markets, and how to improve infrastructure to accommodate these changes. Among the hosts is Nik Gowing, a British journalist; H.E. Fatima Al Foora, United Arab Emirates; Lord Gregory Baker of the United Kingdom; Andreas Regnell of Sweden and Jan Rabe of Siemens AG.  Thus, in the first five months of 2017, countries will have to express their views on the adaptation communications they have approved under the Paris Agreement, on the characteristics to be included in future NDCs and on how future measures to combat climate change should be transparent.