Zimbabwe had adopted a policy of „sustainable“ exploitation of its wildlife, considered by some governments and WWF as a model for the future protection of nature. Conservationists and biologists have welcomed the Zimbabwe Communal Area Management Programme for Indigenous Resources (CAMPFIRE) as a model for community building in the field of nature protection.  The failure to prevent CITES listing in Appendix 1 dealt a blow to this movement. Zimbabwe may have made the careers of some biologists, but it has not been honest with its claims. The government argued that the ivory trade would fund conservation efforts, but the proceeds were instead returned to the central treasury.  His elephant census was accused of twice counting elephants crossing the border into Botswana by building artificial water holes. The ivory trade was also totally uncontrollable within its borders, with the Zimbabwe National Army (ZNA) participating in poaching in Gonarezhou National Park and other areas.  The alleged murder of a series of whistleblowers, including Captain Nleya, who claimed that the ZNA was involved in rhino and elephant poaching in Mozambique, was even more frightening. Nleya was found hanged in her barracks near Hwange National Park.
The death was declared suicide by the army, but was declared murder by a judge. Nleya`s widow was then reportedly threatened by anonymous phone calls.     There is no ban on the domestic sale of elephants within New Zealand. The DOC is currently in consultation to review this option. A consultation proposing amendments to New Zealand`s Elephant Elf Trade Act ended on 25 October 2019. The firm will decide on these recommendations in 2020. CITES press release, 2 December 2013: New figures show poaching could wipe out one-fifth of the illegal ivory trade. The new guide contains details on the most relevant species: elephants, mammoths, whales, whales, narwhals and hippos, as well as larger visual materials that will help law enforcement officers identify elephant eaters as ivory substitutes such as plastics and plant ivory.